TechNine (https://www.technine.be/) is organizing its first user group event of 2020 on Tuesday 3 March. The TechNine March Updates for IT Pro’s. This is just a quick blog post to invite all who are in our neck of the woods to join us. It is hosted by the Sentia Group in Lochristi.
There are 3 sessions.The first session, Micha Wets – Enterprise Mobility MVP, introduces us all to Azure Policy Guest Configurations. What can this do today and what does it mean for Windows GPO configurations in the long run? Can they co-exist? Come find out!
Microsoft launched the new EDGE chromium-based browser. Erik Moreau – Windows Insider MVP will deliver his insights about this great new browser in the second session. I hope he has some good news about one of my main complaints about it. What is that? Attend and you’ll find out.
The 3rd session is still a mystery … TechNine likes to have a last moment surprise.
18h00: Welcome & Food
18h30: Azure Policy Guest Configurations: The end of Windows GPO? – Micha Wets
19h15: The New Edge – Erik Moreau
20h15: To be announced, stay tuned!
21h00: Networking and Questions
When: Tuesday, March 3rd, 18:00 sharp
Location: Sentia, Denen 157, 9080 Lochristi, Belgium
Today I focus on Veeam File Share backups and knowledge worker data testing. In Veeam NAS and File Share Backups did my 1st testing with the RTM bits of Veeam Backup & Replication V10 File Share backup options. Those tests were focused on a pain point I encounter often in environments with lots of large files: being able to back them up at all! Some examples are medical imaging, insurance, and GIS, remote imaging (satellite images, Aerial photography, LIDAR, Mobile mapping, …).
The amount of data created has skyrocketed driven by not only need but the advances in technology. These technologies deliver ever-better quality images, are more and more affordable, and are ever more applicable in an expanding variety of business cases. This means such data is an important use case. Anyway for those use cases, things are looking good.
But what about Veeam File Share backups and knowledge worker data? Those millions of files in hundreds of thousands of folders. Well, in this blog post I share some results of testing with that data.
Veeam File Share backups and knowledge worker data
For this test we use a 2 TB volume with 1.87TB of knowledge worker data. This resides on a 2 TB LUN, formatted with NTFS and a unit allocation size of 4K.
The data consists of 2,637,652 files in almost 196,420 folders. The content is real-life accumulated data over many years. It contains a wide variety of file types such as office, text, zip, image, .pdf, .dbf, movie, etc. files of various sizes. This data was not generated artificially. All servers are Windows Server 2019. The backup repository was formatted with ReFS (64K allocation unit size).
We back it up with the file server object from an all-flash source to an all-flash target. There is a dedicated 10Gbps backup network in the lab. As we did not have a separate spare lab node we configured the cache on local SSD on the repository. I set the backup I/O control for faster backup. We wanted to see what we could get out of this setup.
Below are the results.
If you look at the back-up image above you see that the source was the bottleneck. As we are going for maximum speed we are hammering the CPU cores quite a bit. The screenshot below makes this crystal clear.
This begs the question if using the file share option would not be a better choice. We can then leverage SMB Direct. This could help save CPU cycles. With SMB Multichannel we can leverage two 10Gbps NICs. So We will repeat this test with the same data. Once with a file share on a stand-alone file server and once with a high available general-purpose file share with continuous availability turned on. This will allow us to compare the File Server versus File Share approach. Continuous availability has an impact on performance and I would also like to see how profound that is with backups. But all that will be for a future blog post.
The ability to restore data fast is paramount. It is even mission-critical in certain scenarios. Medical images needed for consultations and (surgical) procedures for example.
So we also put this to the test. Note that we chose to restore all data to a new LUN. This is to mimic the catastrophical loss of the orginal LUN and a recovery to a new one.
Below you will find a screenshot from the task manager on both the repository as well as the file server during the restore.
Mind you, this varies a lot and when it hits small files the throughput slows down while the cores load rises
For now, with variable data and lots of small files, it looks that restores take 2.5 to 3 times as long as backups with office worker data. We’ll do more testing with different data. With large image files, the difference is a lot less from our early testing. For now, this gives you a first look at our results with Veeam File Share backups and knowledge worker data As always, test for your self and test multiple scenarios. Your mileage will vary and you have to do your own due diligence. These lab tests are the beginning of mine, just to get a feel for what I can achieve. If you want to learn more about Veeam Backup & Replication go here.Thank you for reading.
Veeam NAS and File Share Backups are a new capability in Veeam Backup & Replication V10. We can now backup SMB, NFS shares as well as file server sources. This means it covers Linux and Windows files servers and shares. It can also backup also many NAS devices. There are many of those in both the SME and enterprise market. I know it is fashionable to state that file servers are dead, But that is like saying e-mail is dead. Yes, right until the moment you kill their mailbox. At that moment it is mission critical again.
My first test results with the RTM bits are so good I doing this quick publish to share them with you.
Early testing of Veeam NAS and File Share Backups
As a Veeam Vanguard I got access to the Veeam Backup & Replication V10 RTM bits so I decided to give it a go in some of our proving grounds.
I tested a Windows File Server, a Windows File share and a General Purpose File Share with continuous availability on a 2 node cluster. All operating systems run Windows Server 2019, fully patched at the time of writing.
Windows File Server
This is the preferred method if you can use it. That is if you have a Windows or Linux server as opposed to an appliance. The speeds are great and I am flirting with the 10Gbps limits of the NIC. As this is pure TCP it does not leverage SMB Multichannnel or SMB Direct.
Windows File Share
With a NAS you might not have the option to leverage the file server object. No worries, we than use the File Share. If it is SMB 3 you can even leverage VSS if the NAS supports it. It might have the added benefit that you can add more file share proxies to do the initial full backup if so required. With File Server you are limited to itself. But it all depends on what the source can deliver and the target ingest.
Note that we use a SMB 3 file share here. With a properly configured network you can leverage SMB Direct and SMB Multichannel with this.
General Purpose File Share with continuous availability on a 2 node cluster
This one is important to me. I normally only deploy General Purpose File Shares with continuous availability anymore where applicable and possible. SMB 3 haves given us many gifts and I like to leverage them. The ease of maintenance it offers is too good not to use it when possible. Can you say office hours patching of file servers?
So here is a screen shot of a Backup of a General Purpose File Shares with continuous availability where is initiate a fail over of the file share. That explains for the dip in the throughput, but the backup keeps running. Awesome!
Backups are cool but restores rule. So to finish up this round of testing we share a restore. Not bad, not bad at all. 221.9 GB restored in 5.33 minutes.
More testing to follow
I will do more testing in the future. This will include small office files in large quantities. These early tests are more focused on large image data such as satellite, aerial photography and mobile mapping images. An important use case, hence our early testing focus.
For an overview of Veeam NAS and file share backups as well as the details take a look here for a presentation on the subject by one and only Michael Cade at TFD20.
The Veeam NAS and file share backups in Backup & Replication V10 are delivering great results right from the start. I am happy to see this capability arrive. Without any doubt the only remark I have is that they should have done this sooner. But today, it is here and I am nothing but happy about this.
There are lot of details to this but that will be for later content.
Why the AirConsole 2.0 Standard? in IT, you need to configure or troubleshoot network devices every now and then, such as routers, switches, firewalls, … all these have a serial connection for initial setup, troubleshooting or upgrades.
Working at a network rack or in a network room is often tedious and bad for you to very non-ergonomically balance a laptop while managing cables and typing. That is where the Airconsole comes in for me. There are other use cases such as for a permanent setup as a serial server. We also have those, but personally, the Airconsole 2.0 Standard is a handy piece of portable kit for me to have available.
The Airconsole 2.0 Standard
I am using the Airconsole 2.0 Standard. They have different versions and editions (bigger battery, Low Energy versions, etc). For my purposes the standard edition gets the job done.
It offers both Bluetooth and WiFi connectivity, but it also has a RJ45 up-link. This makes it very flexible. Especially combined with the configuration options via the web interface that allows for many network scenarios. I must say I find the lack of TLS for the web interface my biggest criticism.
I got the standard edition as I have enough RJ45 to serial adapters lying around. It is easy enough to set up for anyone who has previous basic networking experience.
Using the Airconsole 2.0 Standard on Windows
Next to the apps for mobile devices (Smartphones and tablets with IOs or Android), you can use it on your laptop which will be the most used option for me. A smartphone is nice for a quick check of something. For real work, I prefer a laptop or desktop.
Bluetooth does not require drivers to be installed. That just works out of the box. It adds the needed COM ports using the built-in Windows Serial Port Profile drivers. Just pair the AirConsole with your device and you should see the Bluetooth COM ports come up.
If you don’t succeed at first, try again. Bluetooth can be a bit finicky at times.
The WiFi option requires a driver to be installed on your Windows OS. While the drivers are a bit older they do work well with recent editions such as Windows Server 2019 and Windows 10 as well as older operating systems.
There are a couple of types of this product. Make sure you download the correct drivers and software. For the Airconsole 2.0 Standard, you can find it here, you need to install Apple Bonjour for Windows. First of all, Unpack the zip file
Now, install Bonjour64.exe (I’m hoping no one is still stuck in the 32-bit world). It is very weird for me to install this on Windows which is normally kept free of apple bloatware. But this is for a good cause. After this, you install the com0com-18.104.22.168-setup (64 bit).exe. This will create the first COM port pair (they make the link between your device and the actual serial port). You can add more pairs with different settings to have them ready for your most-used devices.
Connecting to your console via WiFi
Before you go any further make sure you connected your WiFi to the Airconsole-2E WAP.
Without connectivity, nothing much can will happen. Once that is done launch the AirConsoleConnect.exe with admin privileges. You can now select the COM port you want to map the Airconsole to from the COM port combo box. All you need to do is click connect.
This is me connecting to the Firebox M200 CLI over WiFi. I have selected to show the debug dialog.
If both WiFi and Bluetooth are available WiFi is preferred and uses as it gives better performance.
Plugin the USB charging cable to a USB port on the network device is possible
You can add virtual COM port pairs for WiFi and customize those to your hears content.
Via http://192.168.10.1 you can manage your AirConsole. You can configure the network settings (subnet, DHCP, DNS), configure your WiFi (SSID, Network mode, channel, etc.), change the password, upgrade the AirConsole, etc. Pretty nice. As said above, in this day and age we’d hope for TLS 1.2, but we have not https capabilities at all, which is a pity. But then, this is not a permanent setup.
The AirConsole is a handy piece of kit to have around. It is more versatile then I figured when I first got it and with the options available can turn it into a nice serial server.